There are many steps in hair transplant operations. It is beneficial to know what to expect before going and having a hair transplant. We will explore what these steps are in this article.
After the patient arrives at the transplantation clinic, the experts immediately inform him or her about the procedure. Then they take pictures of the head area of the patient from different angles. These pictures help the experts and the patient to see the difference between before and after the operation. After taking the pictures the surgeon identifies the donor and the target areas. The surgeon marks these areas on the scalp of the patient. The surgeon shaves off the hair on these areas (except for the DHI method because the operation can be carried out without shaving the hair off in the DHI method). Then the surgeon begins the operation by applying local anesthesia to the scalp of the patient.
At first, the surgeon applies the local anaesthesia only to the donor area. This prevents the patient to feel any pain during the extraction stage. The extraction stage differs depending on the method the surgeon is implementing. In FUE and DHI methods, the surgeon extracts the individual follicular units. After the extraction stage, the medical staff stores the extracted follicles in low-temperature containers.
The hair transplantation process takes about 5 to 7 hours. There is a 30-minute break after the extraction stage to get lunch. After the break the surgeon begins the plantation stage by applying local anaesthesia to the target or balding area. The plantation stage also differs depending on the method. In the FUE method the surgeon opens tiny canals to the scalp and plants the follicles into these canals. Besides, in the DHI method the surgeon directly implants the follicles into the patient’s scalp using pen-like, sharp-tipped equipment.
What Happens After the Operation?
Your scalp may be a little sore after the operation. Your doctor will prescribe you with some painkillers and antibiotics. These medications will help you through the first couple of days. After a week or two, the patient can return to his or her normal life.
The newly transplanted hair will fall out starting roughly from the third week until the sixth week. This period is completely normal. It is called a shock period. In this period, the hairs will renew themselves and become stronger and healthier. The patient will see noticeable growth in the sixth month. After a year, the recipient area will be inseparable from the donor area and the growth will continue on its normal course.
Hair transplantation is a very comfortable and safe operation. The patient can read a book, watch a film or listen to music during the operation and can take a break as he or she desires.